How I learned about various automation tools via chasing down a small, infuriating problem
I have been working on a couple of really cool projects as of recent, partially to learn Python and be a better programmatic thinker, but also to try building something cool that could then be used by others for their own needs. I’m pretty close to announcing something on that latter end, but for now, I want to document my adventures with a variety of vCenter-specific tools that could come in handy.
The problem: Programmatically finding the vCenter GUID
I am a Global Solutions Architect at Zerto, which provides a data protection software suite that protects, among other things, vSphere VMs. The way that Zerto identifies resources within a vSphere environment is by concatenating the vCenter GUID, also referred to as the serverGuid, along with the moRef. It will look something like this:
The reason why Zerto does this, by the way, is because it’s very possible to have duplicate moRefs in any given environment, so the specific vCenter GUID was prepended as a way to uniquely identify the resource in question.
Getting the moRef of an object was easy and can be done via the Zerto API. Getting the vCenter GUID, however, is more of a challenge, especially from an automation perspective.
The GUID is not hard for an administrator to find, by the way. There are several ways to get this identifier:
- You can log into vCenter via the HTML5 client and navigate to the vCenter Server Appliance under Hosts and Clusters. In the URL that pops up, an objectId that looks like this will appear: urn:vmomi:VirtualMachine:vm-10:d322b019-58d4-4d6f-9f8b-d28695a716c0. This last part is the GUID!
- You can access it through the Managed Object Browser, or MOB. The MOB can be accessed through a web browser at https://ip.of.your.vcenter/mob. Under content.about you will find the instance UUID.
- You can get it through PowerCLI, the PowerShell-driven CLI utility for vSphere, with Get-VC -Server <hostname or IP address of vCenter> | fl
- You can also get it through the vCenter Server Appliance shell and by getting the contents of cat /etc/vmware-vpx/instance.cfg
The challenge that I had was that none of these solutions would work for me. I wanted to do everything natively in Python, without having to hard code it or make the admin do more work than absolutely necessary. So, what now?
pyVmomi and the VMware vSphere Automation SDK for Python
Spoiler alert: the way that I solved my problem was through pyVmomi. I was chasing the VMware vSphere Automation SDK for Python because that got me a lot of good info about what was running in vSphere, but it was a red herring!!
Both pyVmomi and the Automation SDK for Python are officially maintained and managed by VMware and they serve similar purposes — in fact, the Automation SDK requires pyVmomi be installed as a dependency.
The SDK has allowed me to do some pretty cool things like get a list of all tags or all VMs in a single vCenter inventory. Furthermore, there are vCenter-specific calls that you can run and get info on, like HA information. It was because of this that I was chasing my GUID problem through this library. It turns out, though, that all I needed to do was use pyVmomi and establish a SmartConnect session. From there, the session can be used very similarly to the MOB.
import ssl, requests requests.packages.urllib3.disable_warnings() ssl._create_default_https_context = ssl._create_unverified_context context = ssl.create_default_context() context.check_hostname = False context.verify_mode = ssl.CERT_NONE c = SmartConnect(host='192.168.20.2', firstname.lastname@example.org', pwd='!super@secret@password$') print(c.content.about.instanceUuid) d322b019-58d4-4d6f-9f8b-d28695a716c0
Links and further reading
vSphere Automation SDK for Python
Other related links
Thank you to the great and powerful Ariel Sanchez Mora (https://twitter.com/arielsanchezmor/) for his guidance and help!